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Product development life cycle

What is a scrum sprint? [A quick guide] 6 min read
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Despite what it sounds like, a Scrum sprint has nothing to do with either rugby or track and field.

A Scrum sprint actually describes the amount of work a development team — or any other team for that matter — will complete over a given amount of time, whether that’s a week sprint or more.

In this article, we’ll provide you a brief Scrum guide that covers key information on how Scrum sprints enable teams to continuously improve their work throughout the sprint cycle as well as how to use this method to achieve your sprint goals efficiently with Work OS.

What is a Scrum sprint?

In Scrum, a sprint is a time-boxed event of one to four weeks in which your Scrum team focuses only on a sprint goal. The goal is typically a product increment or iteration — often an updated, improved version of your product or software.

Even in the greater context of Agile, a sprint often refers to a Scrum sprint, because 61% of Agile companies use the Scrum framework. And although iterative cycles are key to the Agile methodology, not all frameworks call them sprints. Some just refer to them as iterations.

Average Scrum Sprint duration

(Image Source)

The whole point is to create iterations and quickly adapt to the customer response, so don’t aim too big. Plan sprints that are easily achievable within a month or less.

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How many days is a typical sprint in the Scrum methodology?

Given that the average length of a complete project is 11.6 weeks and the average sprint is 2.4 weeks, the average Scrum project lasts for 4.8 sprints.

Depending on the scale of your project and what you determine as a team during goal setting — including sprint planning— you may have as few as two to three, or as many as 10–20 Scrum sprints. There’s no way to give a universal number here.

What is a sprint and how does it relate to Scrum?

Scrum is the larger framework of how to take Agile principles and values and incorporate them into your day-to-day work. The Scrum methodology includes all its ceremonies (meetings), artifacts (outputs), processes (like inspection and adaptation and review of previous sprints), and roles — everything you need to be Agile.

A sprint is a foundational part of Scrum. It’s the main event all the ceremonies are centered around, but the Scrum framework includes much more than just sprints. A sprint is still a complex process. Just take a look at its different stages below.

The stages of a Scrum sprint (in plain English)

A sprint project, Agile or Scrum, goes through many stages from pre-planning, planning, to review. In the sections below, we cover what a Scrum team needs to do in each stage.

1. Pre-planning

  • Establish a product roadmap (high-level goals and timeline for product functionality).
  • Compile and prioritize items in the product backlog (list of all necessary features for the completed product).

2. Planning

  • Hold a sprint planning meeting where you create the sprint backlog (all the user stories, bugs, or features you want to target in the sprint).
  • Decide on a greater sprint goal (essentially how the items in your sprint backlog should change your current product version).

3. Working

  • The Scrum team follows the sprint backlog and works to create a complete increment.
  • Use a 15 minute daily Scrum meeting to stay on track and keep up the progress.

4. Review and testing

  • Hold a sprint review meeting with stakeholders, the product owner, and all members of the development team to test if the product increment holds up. If it does, consider it done, and if they have complaints, add them to the product backlog to tackle in another sprint.

5. Looking back and adapting

  • Hold a sprint retrospective where you look back at the sprint, consider what went well, where you can improve, and commit to addressing some issues in the next sprint.
  • Also, consider the direction of the project, and whether changing priorities need to be reflected in the product backlog.

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What to do before your first sprint

For your first Agile Scrum sprint to be a success, there are many steps you should take before you even get started.

1. Internalize the Scrum values as a team

Don’t try to run before you can walk. Internalize the Scrum values to make sure your team can take charge and self-organize successfully. Teams with a better understanding of the values will have fewer issues. Better communication and collaboration see to that.

They won’t look for or need a leader to take charge. Our team at doesn’t even use a Scrum Master.

2. Create a project roadmap

The product owner should work with stakeholders to develop high-level goals, priorities, and a flexible timeline.

Then, use’s Agile project roadmap template to visualize it all:

Screenshot of the Agile project roadmap UI

Note that a major component of Agile methodology is adaptation. Your roadmap should be adapted as the project progresses, so it doesn’t need to be complete or perfect right off the bat.

3. Collaborate with stakeholders on the product backlog

The product owner and team should collaborate with stakeholders to add, review, and prioritize product backlog items.

Working with clients, internal users, and other stakeholders is the only way to figure out which features are the most important.

Screenshot of the product backlog roadmap UIA shareable product backlog template comes in handy here.

4. Plan a realistic increment based on your team’s capacity’s R&D team uses story points (SP), a flexible unit for how much effort a work item will take. They consider one SP to be roughly equivalent to a single workday. For each 2-week sprint, they plan “only” 8 SP, giving them plenty of time to overcome any roadblocks.

Start your Scrum sprint planning today

Within the Scrum framework, a sprint is a great way for Agile teams to quickly build products, one iteration at a time. But before you get started, you need to have the basics on lock. Start by establishing a proper Scrum team and internalizing all the Scrum values and pillars.

After that, you can use’s Scrum planning template and import your prioritized product backlog items into a sprint backlog.

Screenshot of the Scrum Sprint planning template

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